Zimbabwe bans unbeneficiated Base Mineral Ores
Zimbabwe has banned the export of unbeneficiated base mineral ores.
In a Statutory Instrument released yesterday, Mines and Mining Development Minister added base Minerals to raw exports ban hardly a month after banning the export of Raw Lithium.
Unbenficiated “base mineral ore” according to Mines and Mining Development Ministry, means any ore of whatever base mineral that has not undergone processing within Zimbabwe to any extent.
The SI defines “ore” as all forms of minerals or mineral aggregates which in the abstract are of economic value and “Base Minerals” as coal and all other minerals and mineral substances and includes coke and all such slimes, concentrates, slags, tailings and residues as are valuable and contain base minerals. This however does not include precious metals, precious stones, mineral oils and natural gases.
Precious metals in Zimbabwe are gold, silver, platinum and platinoid metals in an unmanufactured state, and include all such slimes, concentrates, slags, tailings, residues and amalgams as are valuable and contain such precious metals;
Precious stones are defined as beryls, diamonds, emeralds, rubies and any other substances that the President has declared to be precious stones in terms of the Mines and Minerals Act [Chapter 21:05].
Statutory Instrument 5 of 2023. [CAP. 21:05] Base Minerals Export Control (Unbeneﬁciated Base Mineral Ores) Order, 2023 in full states:
“No unbeneﬁciated base mineral ores shall be exported from Zimbabwe to another country except under written permit of the Minister given in either of the following circumstances on written application to him by any miner or other interested person. The export of any unbeneﬁciated base mineral ore in respect of which the applicant produces compelling reasons to the Minister showing that no such ore is capable of being beneﬁciated to any extent within Zimbabwe; or the export of samples of any unbeneﬁciated base mineral ore for assaying outside Zimbabwe, upon production of proof satisfactory to the Minister that such assay cannot be satisfactorily done in Zimbabwe, and that the quantity to be exported for that purpose is necessary for that purpose.”
“The Base Minerals Export Control (Unbeneﬁciated Lithium Bearing Ores) Order, 2022, published in Statutory Instrument 213 of 2022, is repealed (without, however, affecting the validity of anything done by the Minister under that Order)”.
“To avoid doubt section 5 of the principal Act provides that “An order shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith in any other enactment or any trade or customs agreement to which the State is a party”; and section 6 of the principal Act provides that any person who contravenes or fails to comply with any order or with the terms and conditions of any permit issued to him or her under an order shall be guilty of an offence and liable to—
- a ﬁne not exceeding level 9 or twice the value of the base minerals in respect of which the offence is committed, whichever is the greater; or
- imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years; or to both such fine and such